Pench National Park is placed in Chhindwara and Seoni districts of Madhya Pradesh (India). The name is derived from the Pench River, it crosses the National Park. The river flows from north to south that divides the park into equal areas of the east and western halves-the well woody of both districts. The park has several species of animals among which wild guars, tigers, leopards, monkeys and deer, etc., are easily observed. The park is close to Pauni National 7 highway and very close to Nagpur and Maharashtra. There are two famous gates for tourist entry, which is termed as Turiya and Karmajhiri.
History of the Pench National Park
Pench National Park was declared as a Sanctuary in 1977, but in 1983, they took it to the category of National Park. Later in the year 1992, it was recognized as a PenchTiger reserve, covering 758 square kilometers of area and the Pench National Park form the central area of the reserve covering 292.85 square kilometers, and the Sanctuary of Life Wild of Pench Mowgli covers 118.30 square kilometers of areas. A buffer zone formed by reserve forests, land and forest protected land occupies 346.73 square kilometers.
Pench National Park has splendid history. The representation of its magnificence and natural wealth is produced in Ain-i-Akbari (Constitution of Akbar), who was a sixteenth century document written by Abu’l-Fazl ibn Mubarak (vizier of Emperor Akbar), recording empire Akbar administration. Pench has inspired Rudyard Kipling to write the popular novel “The Book of selva’.Sobre all third special tiger BBC ‘spy in the jungle’ was also filmed in Pench National Park, which was based on cultivating four Tigers in Pench.
Wildlife in the Park
Pench National Park is very rich in fauna and is a home for a large number of endangered species. The most dominant predator is tiger and there are about 25 of them in these forests rich in prey. There are some other predators like dhol (Indian wild dog), leopard, hyena, wolf, Chacaly the jungle cat. Some species of prey in the park are sambhar, chital, gaur, muntjac, langur, wild boar and rhesus monkey macaques. Common species are herd of deer.
There are more than 170 species of birds comprising several migratory species such as peacock, crow pheasant, wild, red ventilation bulbul, crimson breast barbet, magpie robin, teal whistle minor, tail racket drongo, heron, martin duck, duck spoon , herons among others.
According to the study in year 1, 25 tigers were found under the umbrella of the park along with 39 mammals, 13 reptiles and 3 amphibians. Apart from mammals and other terrestrial flora and fauna, the park is also rich in birdlife. According to the evaluation of the wildlife authorities, 210 species of birds were observed in this park as astrilds, bearded, orioles minivets, bulbul, impressive refugios, washerwomen, mynas and blue kingfisher.
Flora in the Park
The park has rich and green forests, spread throughout the area of the National Park. Southern dry leafy teak forests are there, which mix with mixed deciduous forests. The flora in Pench includes different types of shrubs, climbers and trees. It has some infrequent varieties of herbs with medicinal properties that are mentioned below:
Flora in Pench National Park
The Safari time in Pench National Park is almost similar as other parks in the country. The entrance and exit of the park vary according to the season. The best time to visit the Pench National Park is between February and April. Due to the shorter duration of daylight in winter, the time of entry for tomorrow is very late and night time of departure is early. The National Park is still open for visitors from October 16 to the end of June and closed during the rainy season (July to October) every year. Early morning safari is the most worth spot spotting tigers and other rare animals.
Winter Schedule Safari
Entrance : Morning
Safari : 7:30 am Afternoon Safari: 3:00 pm
Departure:Safari morning: 10:30 hrs
Safari Afternoon: 17:30
hours Summer Safari
Admission: By the morning Safari: 6:30 hrs
Safari Afternoon: 16:00 hrs
Departure: Safari Morning: 9:30 am
Safari night: 18:30 hrs
Activities to do in the Park
Pench National Park is popular for its fauna and flora and fauna. There are many ways to get to know the wildlife of the forest. They are:
Attractions in Pench National Park
Sitaghat National Park -this place is winding road near the banks of the Pench River, mottled with rocks and artistically looking for trees. During the summer season, shrubs and white flowers lope everything together with the Bank. To see these flowers in bloom, it is essential to visit at dawn. The place also seems to be a splendid place for wildlife tourism.
Alikatta-this place is another exciting attraction that has a fascinating pasture area, where animals are also observed. In the evening time, there are excellent views of herding herds consisting of thousands of spotted deer. You can also enjoy elephant rides that start from this place.
Chhindimatta road -Road over the rocky hills, is considered as a place of interest in the large Pench reservoir. They make rocky cliffs places for leopards. There are other species such as eagles, hawks and hawks that hang over their nests.
Bodhanala range – this area is worth sightseeing for visitors. It starts from the slopy hill, bamboo forest to a huge pond near the border of the park. It is a perfect area for raptors.
Above all, there are some other points of interest to explore at Pench Raiyakassa, Doob Road and Kalapahad. Traveling to these places give opportunity for granrebaños and king of the jungle.
Tourist attractions near Pench National Park
There are some major attractions near Pench National Park, which adds more fun and excitement on the trip. They are:
Bandhavgarh National Park – This park is 338.7 km (approx.7 hours) from Pench and gives a wildlife refuge where nature and history meet. Located in the middle of the hills of Vindhyan, the park has a series of ridgelines that runs through it. The main attractions of the area are however in the heart of the park with its beautiful 32 wooded hills.
Kanha National Park- Only 2 hours by car (136.5 km) from the Pench National Park, there is the Kanha National Park. Located in the district of Mandia (Madhya Pradesh), the park is a reserve of tigers that leads over 1945 square kilometers of the undulating country. It is a home to more than 1000 species of flowering plants. It has a significant population of leopards, Bengal tiger, lazy bear, barasingha, Indian wild dog, etc.
Nagzira National Park: The fauna of this park is protected in the arms of nature and adorned with a picturesque landscape and lush vegetation. Only three hours away (176.5 km) from the Pench National Park, this park is located in the Bhandara district of Maharashtra. The small reserve is a vital corridor that connects the central and south forested areas such as Kanha Tiger and Tadoba-Andhari reserves.
Tadoba National Park – Just 256.4 KM from Pench, Tadoba National Park lies in Chandrapur District of the north-eastern part of Maharashtra. Popular as ‘The jewel of Vidharba’, this park is located in the heart of a quiet forest. The park is very popular for its life of plants and wildlife. It has dry deciduous tropical forest where teak is the dominant species.
Pench National Park is located at 21 ° 40 ‘17.76 “North and 79 ° 18’ 11.88” East. The land of Pench is surrounded by small hills and mixed teak forest well stocked in the southern part of the Satpura ranges. The park has a tropical continental climate with different monsoons (July-September), winter (November-February) and summers (April to June). The altitude variegates from 425 to 620 meters on the msl. The temperature of this region is 4 ° C in December and 42 ° C in May and June. Average rainfall is 1300 mm.
During the summer, casual summer clothes of natural colors are perfect from March to May while from November to February, wearing warm clothes for cold morning and misty night is very important.
How to Get There?
By Air – Nagpur airport (88 km) is the closest to reach the park. Another option is the Jabalpur airport, 200 km from the park.
By rail – The nearest station is Nagpur (90 km), well connected to all the cities of India. Either you can take the Palace on wheels India train which is the most luxurious option to visit the wildlife sanctuary.
By road – Nagpur is 88 km Pench through Seoni (NH No. 7).
Embark your journey and make the Palace on Wheels train booking online through the Palace on Wheels official GSA website.